Amazon Rainforest Animals

Brazil is home to thousands of Amazon rainforest animals, each unique in their own special way. It's amazing to think about the fact that nearly 60% of the rainforest is in Brazil and in that part of the Amazon rainforest reside almost 1/10th of the world's animal species!

This beautiful country is diverse in their culture, music, food, and also their animal life. Many researchers and scientists believe there are still hundreds if not thousands of species still to be discovered in the Amazon!

Freshwater Fish

There are nearly 3,000 various species of freshwater fish in the waters of the Amazon rainforest.

Some of the species include:

  • Bigeye Cichlid
  • Talking Catfish
  • Drab Sole
  • Spiny Catfish
  • Pike Characin
  • Marbled Headstander
  • Bull Shark
  • Barred Knifefish
  • Piranha,
  • Manduba
  • Whitebarred Catfish
  • European Eel,
  • Goldencrown Tetra
  • Common Snook
  • Japanese Eel
  • Black Ghost,
  • Tucan Fish
  • Marbled Hatchetfish
  • Grass Carp
  • Smalltooth Weakfish

And several other varieties of carp, cichlids, tetras, piranhas, and catfish.

These are just a small sampling of the thousands of fish in the waters of the Brazilian Amazon!

Amazon Rainforest Animals - Mammals

Just over 600 species of mammals have been discovered so far in the Brazilian rainforest. Here are just a few!

Amazonian Manatee

The Amazonian manatee is Brazil's largest water mammal weighing in at 1,000 to 1,200 pounds. A few weighing as much as 3,000 pounds have been found!

They can reach eight to ten feet in length, which means if they were able to stand, they'd be taller than most people. They live in the Amazon River and the tributaries of the river.

Sadly, the manatee is on the endangered species list. Thankfully, zoos around the world have taken in manatees in hopes of preserving the species.

Brazilian Primates

Primate mammals of Brazil include 35 species of tamarins, marmosets, and lion tamarins. Capuchin monkeys, Saki monkeys, Night monkeys, Woolly monkeys, Uarkaris, Muriquis, Spider monkeys, and Titi monkeys account for nearly 70 species of monkey alone!

Amazon Rainforest Animals

Bats

If you love bats, visit the Amazon rainforest in Brazil! Bats of every size are in the rainforest! There are over 1,000 bat species in this part of the world alone. I find that amazing! The Brazilian free-tailed bat is one of the smallest bats - an adult weighs a mere 0.0286 lbs.

Tapir - Ancient Brazilian Mammal

Tapirs are herbivores, feeding on plants due to the fact that their digestive system can only handle a small amount of food at a time.

Here's an interesting fact about tapirs - much of what they put into their mouth travels through their system and exits out the other end undigested. Why is this significant? Tapirs unknowingly spread plant species around the rainforest!

More and More Mammals

  • Opposums
  • Anteaters
  • Jaguars
  • Margays
  • Pumas
  • Sloths
  • Seals - eared and earless
  • Wolves
  • Foxes
  • Armadillos
  • Whales
  • Dolphins
  • Squirrels, rats and guinea pigs

Bird Species of the Brazilian Amazon Rainforest

Brazilian Humming Bird

The bird species are one of most prevalent Amazon rainforest animals at just over 1,600 species in all! They actually rank third in the world for the number of bird species that call the Amazon rainforest home.

What sorts of birds could you expect to see? Parrots of all kinds and colors for one! There are nearly 70 species of parrots in the rainforest of Brazil.

Toucans, hummingbirds, penguins, vultures, trogons, swans, ducks, flamingos, eagles, hawks, rheas, owls, and tinamous are just a few of the diverse bird species living in the rainforest.

Amazon Rainforest Animals – More Birds of the Brazilian Rainforest

  • Guans
  • Curassows
  • Chachalacas
  • Geese
  • Screamers
  • Grebes
  • Quail
  • Petrels
  • Albatrosses
  • Shearwaters
  • Cormorants
  • Pelicans
  • Tropicbirds
  • Gannets
  • Darters
  • Boobies
  • Thrushes
  • Mockingbirds
  • Manakins
  • Tanagers
  • Pipits
  • Jays
  • Cotingas
  • Tyrant Flycatchers
  • Tapaculos
  • Woodcreepers
  • Oventails

This isn't even a complete list of all the bird species that can be found in the Brazilian rainforest!

Reptiles of the Amazon Rainforest

Brazil's rainforest contains just under 500 various species of reptiles ranging in size from one-half inch to 30 feet long!

Anaconda

It's no surprise that the anaconda is one of the most fearsome Amazon rainforest animals given that it has the ability to swallow an entire cow and weighs as much as a horse!

The anaconda uses its 30-foot body to surround and crush its prey instead of injecting it with venom. Anacondas are not venomous, but they are definitely an animal that you don't want to encounter!

Caiman

The caiman may remind some people of an alligator or crocodile because of the long snout and large teeth. It can grow up to 13 feet in length and has bony ridges across its snout.

Caimans hunt at night preying on other reptiles, capybaras, fish, shrimp, and mammals. They live in freshwater rivers and lakes of the Amazon.

Poison Dart Frogs

Don't let the tiny size of these frogs fool you - a mere 2 ½ grams of this frog's poison can kill a person of 150 pounds! They're very pretty with colors of red, black, black and white, yellow, and green.

Walking through the Amazon rainforest during the day, you might get to see them hopping along the rainforest floor hunting insects to eat. They immobilize their prey or enemies by excreting poison from their skin.

Still More Amazon Rainforest Reptile Species

  • Geckos
  • Lizards
  • Tree snakes
  • Skinks
  • Turtles
  • Race runners
  • Crocodiles
  • Tortoises
  • Iguanas

Insects - the Smallest of the Amazon Rainforest Animals

We would be remiss if we didn't mention that Brazil's rainforest boasts at the minimum 70,000 insect species and at the most 15 million insect species!

It would be impossible to name them all here but some of the species include ants, spiders, and butterflies, to name a simple few. Each day, more species are being discovered!

Leafcutter Ants

One of the most interesting species of insect in the rainforest is the leafcutter ant. These are ants that specialize in growing their own fungus, or food, under the ground using leaves they cut with their sharp jaws.

Once they get the leaves back to their underground home, the chew up the leaf, spit it out, add feces and fungus and voila, they have food to eat.

Leafcutter ants can carry 10 times their weight on their back! These ants make a series of mounds in the earth they call home.

The series of mounds of leafcutter ants can take up a lot of space - up to 6,500 square feet in some cases. Within these mounds can be up to 8 million ants!

I am always amazed at the diversity number of Amazon rainforest animals there are in Brazil!


New! Comments

Share your thoughts about what you just read! Leave me a comment in the box below.












Do You Love Brazil?

Help us to share and celebrate the beauty of Brazil.

Celebrate Brazil Culture

Simply copy and paste this code into your Facebook page or blog. Obrigada! Thank you for sharing!





Related Articles:
Amazon Rainforest
The Amazon Rainforest is an incredibly diverse ecosystem that is home to new species of plants, animals, insects, and birds that are discovered every day, and yet there are probably hundreds, if not thousands of species yet to be discovered.

Amazon Rainforest Climate
A complicated ecosystem thrives in the Amazon Rainforest climate. This beautiful cradle of life has taken millions of years to develop, but may take only decades to destroy.

Deforestation in Brazil
Deforestation in Brazil has slowed a bit in the last few years, but the devastation that is currently taking place within the rainforest still threatens the well being of the native people, animals, and plant life living in the rainforest.

Tropical Rainforest Plants
The Amazon is home to many species of tropical rainforest plants that are used for medicinal purposes, for producing products, or as food for animals or humans.

People in the Amazon Rainforests
The tribes and people in the Amazon rainforests are unique and precious, each with its own culture, beliefs, and way of life. We can learn a great deal from these people who have made the forest their home and flourished there for generations.

Endangered Species in the Rainforest
The endangered species in the rainforest of Brazil include animals and plants that are threatened to the point of extinction if careful steps aren't taken to protect them and the rainforest that they call home.

Indigenous People of the Rainforest
The population of indigenous people of the rainforest in Brazil is estimated at a little over 700,000 people. There are over 200 different tribes with around 170 languages spoken within those tribes.

Amazon Rainforest Animals
The number of Amazon rainforest animals in Brazil is simply mind-boggling! That part of the rainforest contains one-tenth of the animal species found in the entire world!

Tropical Rainforest Food Web
The tropical rainforest food web is a fascinating and complex web of plants and animals that depend completely on each other to continue the chain of events in this diverse ecosystem. The top predator and the tiniest insect are both equally important in the food web!

Rainforest Flowers
Rainforest flowers bloom in every color of the rainbow and come in all shapes and sizes. They’re stunningly beautiful and unique in their design, making them some of the most fascinating flower species of the world.

Fascinating Tropical Rainforest Facts
Science has helped us uncover many interesting tropical rainforest facts. These richly diverse ecosystems have infinitely more to teach us though, as 80% remain unexplored.

More Amazing Rain Forest Animals
Learn more about some of the least known and most fascinating rain forest animals found in Brazil.

Rainforest Destruction
The Brazilian rainforest is important to everyone, not just Brazilians. The rainforest destruction will have a major impact on people around the world.

Brazil Nut Tree
The Brazil nut tree produces nuts for consumption all over the world. However, it is a mysterious plant that only grows in certain conditions and has to fight for survival.

Brazilian Pepper Tree
The Brazilian pepper tree has become famous beyond its original habitat. It may be known as a nuisance because of how vast it can spread, but there are many beneficial properties to this plant, too.