Capital of Brazil

Two million, three hundred thousand souls reside in the capital of Brazil, which is Brasilia. Located centrally in central-western Brazil, it is closer to most of the regions of the country than the previously chosen capital city of Rio de Janeiro.

Brasilia was established as the official capital of the country on April 22, 1960. The decision to relocate Brazil's capital city further into the interior of the country was a smart one. Before the city was built in this location, the land was desolate and empty.

Building the capital city brought workers from all over and provided jobs and stability and populated the area at the same time.

Talented and visionary architects who wanted to draw not only the people of Brazil to the capital city, but visitors from other countries as well planned the city. One of the architects was Oscar Niemeyer. Another person who helped design the city buildings and layout was urbanist, Lucio Costa.

Buildings designed with both straight lines and rounded corners and shapes adorn the city and make it attractive to the eye as well as being functional.

Government in Brasilia

What government branches or offices can you find in Brasilia?

  • Federal Government of Brazil - governs from Brasilia

  • President of Brazil - resides in Palace of Alvorado

  • Palacio do Planalto - Seat of Executive Power

  • The Brazilian Constitutional Court otherwise known as the Supreme Federal Court

  • Brazilian Congress or Parliament - Chamber of Deputies and the Senate

  • Annex of Supreme Court - administrative staff

  • Three Powers Square - contains STF, Congress, and The Palace

  • Government of the Federal District Assembly

Climate of the Capital of Brazil

What is the weather like in Brazil's capital city? June and July are the coldest winter months with temperatures between 52 degrees and 72 degrees Fahrenheit as an average. The rest of the year the temperatures can get as high as 82 degrees Fahrenheit, which is typically during September. The humidity varies depending on the season The climate of this area of Brazil is a tropical savanna climate. The driest months are the last week or so of March through the last week or so of September and even into the first week of October sometimes. Brasilia sees a lot of rainfall during the month of May.

Industries in the Capital of Brazil

Brasilia is an important governmental center, but it's also a bustling and thriving economic center. The industries of Brasilia include: food processing, computer software, construction, finance and banking, legal services, communications, tourism, entertainment, furniture manufacturing, graphics, recycling, pharmaceutical companies, and information technology.

Agriculture is also a notable industry in Brasilia. Local farmers produce crops like soy beans and coffee. Fruits are also grown and harvested in the city of Brasilia including mangoes, strawberries, lemons, guavas, papayas, and oranges.

Beef cattle are raised and slaughtered to produce some of the best beef products available - some of these are exported from the country.

Many of Brasilia's products are exported around the world and include coffee, iron ore, orange juice, car parts, footwear, and products produced from soybeans.

They also import several products such as oil, chemical products, machinery and equipment, automobile parts, cars, and electricity.

Brasilia Cultural Events

The capital of Brazil is no different than the rest of the country in that they love a good festival or celebration. Brasilia is home to several festivals throughout the year and is a popular destination for businessmen visiting the country.

Christmas and New Years Eve are celebrated in huge style in the city of Brasilia.

You can also find no shortage of art, music, movies, and political events in the capital city. While you're enjoying the sights, stop in to one of the many restaurants and sample the excellent cuisine!

Two football teams call Brasilia home: Sociedade Esportiva do Gama and Brasiliense Futebol Clube.

Brasilia is one of the proud host cities for the wildly popular and well attended FIFA World Cup in 2014 where soccer teams will play for the World Cup championship.

Two years later in 2016, Brasilia will be a gracious host to the Summer Olympics football teams to play their tournaments.

What to See in the Capital of Brazil - Brasilia Attractions

  • Cathedral of Brasilia - seat of the Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Brasilia, unique design has a ribbed structure in a circular shape

  • Botanical Garden of Brasilia - 500 acres of flowers, plant life, herbs and more

  • Cultural Complex of the Republic - home to the National Library and Museum

  • National Congress

  • Planalto Palace

  • Santuario Dom Bosco - one of Brazil's first temples

  • JK Memorial - memorial to one of founding fathers

  • TV Towers - the view from the top is unmatched

  • Parque Nacional de Brasilia - visit two mineral springs with healing waters and walk beautiful trails in this national park

  • Paranoa Lake Boat Trip - see the city of Brasilia from an entirely new perspective

  • Catedral Metropolitana - designed by Oscar Niemeyer, boasts some of the most stunning stain glassed windows you'll ever see

  • Raizama Falls and Itiquira Waterfalls

  • Sara Kubitschek Park - larger than Central Park in New York, USA with jogging trails, activities for kids, walking trails, and a lot more to see

  • Brasilia Bay Park - a great water park in the center of the city

The capital of Brazil is a busy and beautiful city to visit. There's plenty to do and see and you can still take time to travel to neighboring cities and beaches and enjoy even more of the amazingly diverse country of Brazil.


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